What is Leprosy? Symptoms of leprosy, causes, cure, medication, treatment and prevention
Patients suffering from leprosy or ‘Hansen disease‘ have to face misconceptions and misbehavior in society. But if this disease is treated early, then these patients can get rid of all these difficulties. Dr. D. Mahajan, Senior Consultant, Department of Dermatology, Indraprastha Apollo Hospital said in a statement: “The consequences of delays in the treatment of leprosy can be serious, this can lead to physical disability. The nerves can be permanently damaged, the earliest treatment of the disease is necessary, so that the patient’s tissues do not cause serious damage. ”
What are leprosy?
Leprosy is one of the oldest diseases. It is also called Honson’s disease and it is caused by a slow-growing bacterium Mycobacteria leprae (M. leprae). After contact with the bacteria, its symptoms take 3-5 years. This period is called incubation period (incubation period).
Dr. Sakshi Shrivastav, a dermatologist consultant of JP Hospital in Noida, says that leprosy is also called ‘neglected disease’. Due to its symptoms, it is one of the most dangerous diseases. In this, the size of body parts starts to deteriorate.
Treatment of leprosy is possible. Multi-drug therapy developed in 1995 by the World Health Organization has been found to be extremely effective in the treatment of this infection. The Indian government provides free treatment for leprosy. Although many people do not get treatment due to their discrimination and wrong ideas spread in society.
What are some common symptoms of leprosy?
Medical experts say that the likelihood of leprosy in children is more than that of adults, so children should always be kept away from the person infected with this disease. The leprosy bacteria grow slowly. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), it may take 5 years for the disease to be infected and the symptoms appear. Many times the symptoms of this disease are not seen for 20 years. Take a look at its symptoms-
– muscle weakness
– Sunnah in arms, arms, legs and legs
– Large, weird-coloured wound or scar on the chest.
– On the skin, light coloured spots, which look flat and dull, the skin is numbed in this place.
– Dry skin, cramps and thick skin in the skin.
– Such wounds on the feet of the feet that do not have pain.
– The numbness of the affected parts of the skin.
– Eyebrows or eyelashes fall
– Paralysis or cripple with hands and feet.
– muscle weakness or paralysis (especially in hands and feet).
– Deterioration of the nose size.
– Tumor or swelling around the face or ear, without pain.
– Eye problems, which can lead to blindness.
– Fingers to be small
How does leprosy spread?
Actually there is a leprosy disease due to the bacteria called Mycobacterium. When an infected person sneezes or coughs, this infection spreads through his breath. Leprosy disease is not considered very contagious. Yes, it is a matter of taking care that for a longer period of time living with a person who is suffering from leprosy, it is more likely to be infected.
What and how does leprosy cure (How is leprosy treated?)
In 1995, WHO prepared multi-drug therapy for the treatment of all types of leprosy. The good thing is that this therapy is available free of charge all over the world. Apart from this, it is possible to treat antibiotics as well. Your doctor decides which antibiotic should be used for it. In this disease, the doctor can give more than one antibiotic at one go. The treatment of leprosy can also last for several months or years.
“The World Health Organization provides free treatment for leprosy”. He told that in the case of leprosy, the following precaution is necessary:
– Avoid injury and keep wounds clean.
– The best way to stop leprosy from spreading is to diagnose and treat it as soon as possible.
– Monitoring symptoms and paying attention to serious cases.
– Stay in touch with the untreated, infected person for a long time.
– Leprosy disease in children is more likely than adults, so keep children away from the infected person always.
Input Source: WHO